Panch Kedar 5 Temples Of Lord Shiva: Lord Shiva is one of the main deities in Sanatan Dharma. Whether it is the matter of the Adi Panch Devas or Lord Shankar of the Trinity, comes in all of them. In fact, in Sanatan Dharma, where the credit for the origin of life is given to Brahma, the responsibility of nurturing the living beings is given to Shri Hari Vishnu and in the end, Lord Shiva is responsible for their destruction.
In such a situation, you will get to see the temples of Lord Shankar in every state of India. Uttarakhand is one of these states of India, where Panch Badri, Panchkedar, and many religious places seem to be visible to God. In such a situation, today we are going to tell about one such temple of Lord Shankar. Where only the face of Lord Bholenath is not worshipped. Rather, the rest of the body is also worshipped.
Panch Kedar 5 Temples Of Lord Shiva
Earlier, we told you about the Panch Badri 5 temples of Lord Vishnu located in Uttarakhand, we are going to tell you about Panch Kedar. Yes, in the scriptures the description of the glory of Panch Badri, Panchkedar, and Panchprayag of Uttarakhand is friendship. According to this, apart from the main Kedarnath temple, there are four other such temples, which are known as Kedar. Let us know about those temples where it is located and their specialty-
Panch Kedar (Five Kedars) is the collective name of the five Shiva temples of Hindus. These temples are located in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand state of India. There are some legends associated with these temples, according to which these temples were built by the Pandavas. This group includes Kedarnath, Tungnath, Rudranath, Madhyamaheshwar, and Kalpeshwar Mahadev temples.
Except for the Kalpeshwar temple, the remaining four temples remain closed for the devotees during winters, as the climate here becomes quite cold and this weather remains unfavorable for humans, it also receives snowfall from time to time. These temples are opened for the devotees during the summer days.
Uttarakhand, Kumaon-Garhwal and Doti part of Nepal, hides the boundless natural beauty in its womb, amidst the mountain ranges of the Himalayas, bearing the eternal message of eternal Hindu culture, Kedarnath, a symbol of unshakable faith, and the names of Nav Kedar, including the other four Peeths. are known from. Devoted pilgrims, having visited these holy places for centuries, have been doing deeds and successful pursuits.
A mythological story about Panch Kedar
Hindu texts that once a person has darshan of these Panch Kedar, then all his clan and ancestors get absorbed. Then the question arises, who is Panch Kedar and what is the story behind these Panch Kedars?
According to a mythological story about Panch Kedar, after winning the Mahabharata war, the Pandavas felt that they had killed their brothers and now they should atone for this sin and be free from this sin, so the Pandavas sought the blessings of Lord Shiva and killed the brothers. Searching for Lord Shiva to be free from sin, he reached the Himalayas but he did not see Lord Shankar. Because Lord Shankar did not want to give darshan to the Pandavas, so he went to Kedar after meditating.
But the Pandavas did not give up and they reached Kedar in search of God. When Lord Shankar came to know that the Pandavas had reached Kedarnath in search of him, Lord Shiva took the form of a bull and went among the other animals so that no one could recognize him. Even after changing the form, Pandavas recognized Lord Shiva, then Bhima used his intellect and assumed his huge form and Bhima spread his feet on two mountains.
Seeing this, all the other cows and bulls started running and they escaped between the feet of Bhima, but Lord Shankar was not ready to go under the feet of the bull because it would be an insult to God. Seeing this, Bhima understood that it is Lord Shiva who is in the form of a bull. When Bhima pounced on the bull, the bull started meditating on the ground. Then Bhima grabbed the part of the biconical back of the bull. Lord Shankar was pleased to see the devotion and determination of the Pandavas and he freed the Pandavas from their sins.
Since then Lord Shankar is worshiped in Shri Kedarnath in the form of the body of a bull’s back. It is believed that when Lord Shankar meditated in the form of a bull, the upper part of his torso appeared in Kathmandu. Where now the famous temple of Pashupatinath is situated. The arms of Shiva appeared in Chopta Tungnath, the navel in Rudranath at Madzheshwar, and Jata in Kalpeshwar. Therefore Kedarnath Dham along with these four places is called Panchkedar.
Panch Kedar temples of Uttarakhand
Often you must have read about Panch Kedar in the books of general knowledge and you must also know their names. But have you ever known about the history of these Panch Kedar? In fact, the entire story of Panch Kedar is related to the ascension of the Pandavas to heaven and the visions of Shiva in their Kedarkhand. And the origin of these five Kedars is also the result of the same event.
Kedarnath Temple is a famous Hindu temple located in the Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand state. Kedarnath Temple in the lap of the Himalaya Mountains in Uttarakhand is one of the Char Dham and Panch Kedar along with being included in the twelve Jyotirlingas. Due to the unfavorable climate here, this temple opens for darshan only between April and November.
It is said about this temple made of stone made of Katyuri style was built by Janmejaya of the Pandava dynasty. The Swayambhu Shivling situated here is very ancient. Adi Shankaracharya got this temple renovated.
Kedarnath was the most affected area due to flash floods and landslides in the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh during June 2013. The houses around the temple were washed away. The main part of this historic temple and the centuries-old dome were preserved, but the entrance of the temple and its surrounding area were completely destroyed.
Kedarnath has great glory. Badrinath and Kedarnath are the two main pilgrimages in Uttarakhand, both of them have great significance. In relation to Kedarnath, it is written that the person who travels to Badrinath without seeing Kedarnath, his journey becomes fruitless and the result of seeing Nar-Narayan-Idol along with Kedarnath is said to be the attainment of liberation from all sins.
Tungnath is a mountain located in the Rudraprayag district of Garhwal, Uttarakhand. Tungnath Temple is situated on the Tungnath mountain, which is built at a height of 3460 meters and is situated on the highest of the Panch Kedars. This temple is believed to be thousands of years old and Lord Shiva is worshiped here as one of the Panch Kedars. The peak of Tungnath is the source of three streams, which form the Akshkamini river. The temple is located 3 km away from Chopta.
It is said that Mata Parvati did penance here before marriage to please Shiva, this is called the area of the entire Panchkedar. From Rishikesh through Srinagar Garhwal, the journey continues along the banks of the Alaknanda. On reaching Rudraprayag, if you want to take the path of Ukhimath, then you have to leave Alaknanda and enter the Mandakini valley. From here the road is narrow. So the driver has to be very careful while driving. The route is very scenic and beautiful. Moving forward, there is a small town called Agastya Muni, from where one can see the Nandakhat peak of the Himalayas.
Also Read: Chopta Tungnath
Rudranath Temple is the third Kedar included in the Panch Kedar temples of Lord Shiva located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand state. Situated at an altitude of 2290 meters above sea level, the Rudranath temple is full of magnificent natural beauty. In the Rudranath temple, worship of Lord Shankar is done at Ekanan i.e. the face, while the whole body is worshiped at Pashupatinath in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. The snow-capped peaks of Nanda Devi and Trishul, visible from the front of the Rudranath temple, add to the attraction here.
Madhyamaheshwar Temple is situated at a distance of 18 km from Ransi of Ukhimath in the Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand, a major shrine of Shiva. This temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Madhyamaheshwar Temple is one of the Panch Kedars and it is called the fourth Kedar among the Panch Kedars. It is built at an altitude of 3,497 meters (11,473 ft) above sea level. The middle or belly of the bull or the nabhi (navel), believed to be the divine form of Shiva, is worshiped in this temple. The silver idols of this temple are shifted to Ukhimath in winter.
Kalpeshwar Temple is one of the main religious places and Panch Kedar in Uttarakhand. This temple is situated in the Urgam valley at an altitude of about 2134 meters above sea level. The ‘Jata’ or tangled hair of Lord Shiva, one of the recognized trinity in Hinduism, is worshiped in this temple. Kalpeshwar Temple comes in fifth place in the ‘Panchkedar’ pilgrimage. One can visit here at any time of the year. This small stone temple can be reached through a cave.
The main temple is famous as ‘Anadinath Kalpeshwar Mahadev’. There is a ‘Kalvarkund’ near this temple. Kalpeshwar Temple is situated at a very high altitude. Kalpeshwar is one of the important pilgrimage sites of Uttarakhand. It is situated in the middle of the mountain ranges of the Himalayas, encompassing the boundless natural beauty of Uttarakhand. Kalpeshwar is situated as a symbol of the eternal message of Sanatan Hindu culture.
How to reach Panch Kedar?
By Road: To visit Panch Kedar, you have to reach Rishikesh, Haridwar, or Dehradun before any corner of the country. Just before Rishikesh, the pilgrimage town of Haridwar is connected to Delhi, Howrah by a major rail line. From Haridwar or Rishikesh you have to move to Chamoli and Rudraprayag district which is situated at a distance of about 212 and 140 kms from Rishikesh. Buses or taxis are easily available from Rishikesh to reach Karnprayag. From here onwards you can start your journey to Panch Kedar.
By Rail: Nearest railway station to Kedarnath is Haridwar, Rishikesh, and Dehradun. The way forward from here is decided by road. The climb from Kedarnath to four other Kedar temples is considered very difficult, many people also go on foot.
By Air: If you want to travel by air to Panch Kedar, then the nearest and only one in Uttarakhand is the airport at Jolly Grant near Dehradun which has direct flights from Delhi. Travel via Panch Kedar Air Route can be done by Heliservices by the Government of Uttarakhand or by Private Tour Travels.
Panch Kedar Trek
In the coming years, devotees or tourists coming from India and abroad will be able to make a smooth and safe journey to Panch Kedar. Kedarnath Wildlife Division by the Government of Uttarakhand has started preparing an action plan to connect Panchkedar with a track, under which new alternative routes will also be made along with improving the travel routes. Which will be known as Panch Kedar Trek, the routes were damaged due to the Kedarnath disaster.