Kotdwar A Gateway Of Garhwal: It is an important city in Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, Kotdwar is known as the gateway of Garhwal, Uttarakhand, and the largest city of Pauri district. Its name means – “Kot” or hill and “Dwar” means “gate of the hills”. As a result, it is the gateway to the hills of Garhwal which has been there for centuries. Kotdwar is a city adjacent to the border of Uttar Pradesh.
Kotdwar A Gateway Of Garhwal Uttarakhand
The old town of Kotdwar was situated at the confluence of the rivers “Khoh” and Giwai Srot (Kalabad). Its old name was “Khohadwar”, which means the gateway to the Khoh River: Kotdwar is situated on the banks of the Khoh River, hence it was later renamed as Kotdwar.
Kotdwar is adjacent to the border of Uttar Pradesh, due to which it is often referred to as the ‘Gateway of Garhwal’ as pronounced by tourists visiting the Garhwal Himalayas of Uttarakhand. From Kotdwar A Gateway Of Garhwal one can reach Pauri and Srinagar via Dugadda, Satpuli, Lansdowne, and other hilly areas, but to reach Dehradun from Kotdwar one passes through Najibabad city of Uttar Pradesh.
History of Kotdwar City
Kotdwar city, despite being a city in Pauri Garhwal of Uttarakhand, has a special place in the pages of Indian history. Kotdwara is said to have been initially ruled by the Maurya Empire under the empire of Ashoka the Great, followed by the Katyuri dynasty and then the Panwar dynasty of Garhwal. In 1790-91, the Gurkhas marched into Garhwal through Kotdwara Then Gorkhas ruled Kotdwar to the Garhwal area for about 12 years.
After the rule of Gorkhas, the Pauri district had long trade relations with Tibet from Garhwal to Kotdwar. There used to trade with Tibet but it was closed due to deadlock after the 1962 India-China war. With the development of roads in the Garhwal region, the volume of imports and exports increased from other parts of the country and the importance of Kotdwar increased further and it now stands as the most prominent commercial center of Pauri Garhwal district.
After which the British defeated them and took control of this area. The old town of Kotdwar was situated at the confluence of the Khoh river and Giwai Srot (Kalabad) rivers. After the 1897 railway line was built, the town gradually started moving to the right and developed towards the western side of the Khoh river. In 1940-41, Kotdwar was like a small village. During the Second World War, there was a lot of development in this city area.
Kotdwar Railway Station Country’s oldest railway station
Kotdwar has the oldest railway station in the country, which was established by the British in 1890. As the gateway to the hills of the Garhwal region, Kotdwar is connected by railways with the major cities of India. This station comes under the Moradabad Division of Northern Railway Zone of Indian Railways.
After the 1897 railway line was built, the town gradually started moving to the right and developed towards the western side of the Khoh river. Kotdwar has been a major transport and wholesale trade center of the eastern Garhwal region. In 1909, Kotdwar was given the status of a city and in the first census conducted in the same year, the population of the city was about 1029.
In 1940-41, Kotdwar was like a small village. Although the development of the city started with the advent of railways in 1890, the actual settlement took place mainly after the creation of the municipality in the 1950s, and the Kotdwar Municipality was established in 1951.
During the Second World War, there was a lot of development in the city area and in 1949 it was again declared as ‘Notified Area’. Being the gateway to the Himalayan region, the Kotdwar Railway Station was used to transport timber from the Himalayan region. The first passenger train ran in the year 1901.
Do you Know: Kotdwar was the first town of Pauri Garhwal district to get electricity. Pauri (headquarter city) was electrified in 1957 and Srinagar was electrified in 1964.
The climate of Kotdwara City
The climate of Kotdwara is temperate, though it varies depending on the season. The nearby hilly areas often see snowfall in winters, but Kotdwar has not seen temperatures fall below 0°C. Summer temperatures often reach 43 °C, while winter temperatures are usually between 4 and 20 °C.
The monsoon season is often accompanied by heavy and prolonged rainfall. The weather remains good in winters due to the hilly areas located nearby. The soil of the city is fertile due to abundant rainfall and adequate drainage.
Major Tourist Places in Kotdwara
If you are searching in Google that the best places to visit in Kotdwara or if you want to visit the Garhwal Himalayan regions of Uttarakhand, then you can visit the major tourist places of Kotdwara Shri Siddhbali Dham Temple, Jim Corbett National Park, Kanvashram (The Birthplace of Emperor Bharat), Maa Durga Devi. Temple, St. Joseph’s Church, Tadkeshwar Temple, Lansdowne, etc. are tourist places.
Kanvashram The Birthplace of Emperor Bharat
Kanvashram is a famous religious place located in the Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand. 14 KM from Kotdwar in Garhwal district. Situated in the lap of Hemakut and Manikoot mountains in the foot region of the Shivalik mountain range, ‘Kanvashram’ is a very important tourist destination from the historical and archaeological point of view. It is believed that this was the ashram of Karnva Rishi. Karnav Rishi Ashram situated on the banks of the Malini river, 14 km from Kotdwar, is an important place from the historical and archaeological point of view.
It is believed that when sage Vishwamitra meditated here, Indra, the king of the gods, sent Maneka, the nymph of heaven, to disturb his meditation. Maneka eventually manages to distract Vishwamitra and after giving birth to a girl, she returns to heaven. The girl came to be known as Shakuntala who married the prince of Hastinapur and gave birth to Prince Bharata, by whose name our country is called India.
Durga Devi Temple Kotdwar
Durga Devi Temple, There is an ancient and popular temple located in the city of Kotdwar. On the Kotdwar-Pauri motorway, about 13 kilometers ahead of Kotdwar, “Durgadevi Temple” is located on the main road on the banks of the Khoh river at an altitude of about 600 meters above sea level.
The modern temple is located near the road, but the ancient temple is located a little below the new temple in a 12 feet long cave in which a Shivling is situated. The residents worship the Goddess with great devotion in this temple. They believe that Maa Durga protects them from every crisis that comes in life.
Shri Siddhbali Temple Kotdwar
Shri Siddhbali Temple Shri Siddhbali Dham is situated on the banks of the mythical Khoh river in the holy land of Kotdwar A Gateway Of Garhwal, Uttarakhand. The belief of this temple is so much that all the time there is a gathering of devotees from all over the country and abroad. There are many miraculous temples of Hanumanji, where the wishes of the devotees are fulfilled. But about two and a half km from Kotdwar town in the Pauri region of Uttarakhand. The sacred Shri Siddhbali Hanuman Temple, located far away from the Najibabad-Buakhal National Highway, is of utmost importance.
The special thing is that this temple is situated on a mound about 40 meters high on the banks of the Khoh river. Shri Siddhbali Dham located in Kotdwar is the center of faith of Hindus. This mythological temple of Bajrang Bali Ji is also mentioned in Skanda Purana. Devotees from all over the country and abroad throng here to see the darshan of Shri Siddhbali Baba and pray in the temple and ask for their wishes.
St. Joseph’s Church Kotdwar
St. Joseph’s Church Located at a distance of about 1.3 km from Kotdwar Bus Stand, St. Joseph’s Church of Kotdwar is believed to be the second-largest church in Asia. It is opened every day to people of all communities. It looks very beautiful on Christmas day and many tourists come to see it. This church is very big and beautiful in view, although this church is built inside after crossing some streets. The specialty of this church is that it is one of the 10 largest churches in Asia and a Famous church in Uttarakhand.
Charekh Danda Kotdwara
Charkanya Shikhar is locally famous as ‘Charek Danda‘, which was once the heavenly abode of the great sage Maharishi Charaka. It was here that Maharishi Charak compiled a book called ‘Nighut (निघुत)’, which contained valuable information about the indigenous medicinal plants of the Himalayas. It is about 20 km from Kotdwara.
A beautiful view of the city of Kotdwar and the Himalayas can be seen from this site. It is also said that Charekh Danda is the birthplace of Maharishi Charak. Charekh Danda is known for its beautiful hill, low amount of bugyal, and beautiful hill grass.
Tarakeswar Mahadev Temple
Tarakeswar Mahadev Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple is about 36 kilometers away from Lansdowne, the headquarters of ‘Garhwal Rifles’. Surrounded by dense deodar and pine forests, this place is ideal for those who seek beauty in nature. A special puja is performed on the feet here during Shivratri. There are oak and deodar trees around the temple. Also, many small springs of water flow here.
If you are looking for the best places to visit near Kotdwara. Or if you want to go on a long road trip from Kotdwar, then you can also do a road trip from Kotdwar to Lansdowne, a bike trip from Kotdwar to Lansdowne. One day bike trip from Kotdwara You can come from Kotdwar A Gateway Of Garhwal- Dugadda-Lansdowne-jaiharikhal-Satpuli.
Lansdowne is a cantonment town in the Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand. Lansdowne is a very beautiful hill located in Garhwal of Uttarakhand. Its height above sea level is about 1706 meters. The natural shade here is mesmerizing. The weather here remains pleasant throughout the year. The greenery spread everywhere makes you feel a different world. Actually, this place was settled by the British by cutting the mountains.
The special thing is that this hill station is very close to Delhi. You can reach Lansdowne in 5-6 hours. If you are planning to go to Lansdowne by bike, then after entering Uttar Pradesh from Delhi via Anand Vihar, you can reach Lansdowne via Meerut, Bijnor, and Kotdwar.
How to reach Kotdwar?
By Flight: Jolly Grant Airport of Dehradun is the nearest airport to Kotdwar A Gateway Of Garhwal, located at 110 km. Regular taxis and buses are available from Jolly Grant Airport to Kotdwara.
By Train: Kotdwara is well connected by railways with major cities of India. It is the oldest railway station in India located in Kotdwara. From here, there is the movement of trains for places like Delhi, Najibabad, etc. The trains from Delhi to Kotdwara are Garhwal Express, Mussoorie Express, and Siddhbali Janshatabdi Express.
By Road: Kotdwar is well connected by roads to major places in the state of Uttarakhand. Buses are easily available from Delhi, Najibabad, Dehradun, Haridwar, and Uttar Pradesh to Kotdwar. Kotdwar is connected with National Highway 119.