Kanvashram The Birthplace of Emperor Bharat: Kanvashram is neither a religious place in Uttarakhand nor a divine place, but it is the land that is the soul of this great nation India and a symbol of emancipation born. There are such monuments in many countries of the world which are there It is a symbol of national unity and inspires every citizen of that nation.
Kanvashram, situated on the banks of the Malini river in Kotdwar, is a unique ashram in Uttarakhand. It is surrounded by dense forests and picturesque hills. Kanvashram has a special significance in the pages of Indian history and has been written about in the Puranas, Vedas, epics like Mahabharata, and the books of the great poet Kalidasa. If tourists want to stay here, then it also has facilities for their stay.
Kanvashram The Birthplace of Emperor Bharat
India, our country commonly referred to by this name is actually Bharat or Bharatvarsha. This name is related to Emperor Bharata. Do you know about the birthplace of Emperor Bharat? Where is his birthplace, it is a distant thing, the name of his birthplace is also not known to most of the people and tourists.
Very few people and visiting tourists get the chance to visit Kanvashram. Kanvashram i.e. heritage of sage Kanva situated in Malini river in Kotdwara, Uttarakhand! Coming here, you will find many stories discussed in ancient Indian literature and scriptures come alive in the mind board. Then whether that story is of Shakuntala or his parents Vishwamitra and Maneka or Pururaj Dushyanta. You must have read these stories at one time or another. So now your curiosity must have also aroused that where is this Kanvashram!
Story of the birthplace of the Chakravarti emperor Bharat
Situated in parallel ranges to the south of the snow-capped Himalayan ranges are the Shivalik mountain ranges (Shiva’s hairs) which are covered with a dense forest made up of Sal trees. Doon Valley and the world-famous Jim Corbett National Park are also located in these mountain ranges. The holy Malini river flows in the middle of these mountains covered with dense forests.
The world-famous ashram of Kanva Rishi was situated on the banks of this river about 4000 years ago. It was also called “Kanvashram or Kanva’s ashram”. In today’s definition, it was a university or spiritual center of education where ten thousand students used to take education under the care of Sage Kanva.
Kanvashram The Birthplace of Emperor Bharat is place was also the place of penance of the sages, where they used to do severe penance to attain salvation absorbed in spiritual practice. From the study of texts, it can be concluded that Kanvaashram must have been spread over a very wide area of Malini valley. Chasing the prey, King Dushyanta, who reached the banks of Malini, saw Shakuntala, the adopted daughter of Kanva. Kanvashram is the place where King Dushyanta married Shakuntala to Gandharva and with their result, Shakuntala gave birth to Bharata.
This brave boy spent his childhood playing with wild animals and lions in the midst of the thick forests that grew on both sides of the banks of the Malini River. Growing up, this child came to be known as Chakravarti Emperor Bharat, who ruled this vast land for many years.
The horrors of time ended the physical existence of Kanvaashram, but even after thousands of years from his writing, the great poet Kalidas, who had complete knowledge of the geographical conditions of Uttarakhand, wrote Kanvaashram, Malini in his work “Abhigyan Shakuntalam”. And made all the characters associated with it immortal.
Kanvashram is believed to be the place where sages like Vishwamitra and Kanva meditated for a long time. According to a legend, Lord Indra felt insecure when Vishwamitra was engaged in penance here. To distract them, Indra sent Menaka, an adorable nymph from heaven. Later a daughter, Shakuntala was born to both of them. Shakuntala is known as the mother of Bharat, after whom our country is named. A small temple dedicated to Bharata is also located here.
Major attractions place around Kanvashram
Kanvashram is 14 KM from Kotdwar town in Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand. It is a famous religious place situated at a distance of Situated in the lap of Hemakut and Manikoot mountains, ‘Kanvashram’ is a very important tourist destination from the historical and archaeological point of view.
In the major historical heritage of the Kotdwar Bhabar region, ‘Kanvashram’ is very prominent, which is mentioned in detail in the Puranas. Every year on the occasion of ‘Basant Panchami’, a fair runs for three days in Kanvashram. Apart from this, there is a very beautiful tourist place around it which attracts the visitors to itself.
Despite having ancient tourist places like Kanvashram and many other tourist places, to date, there is no connection of tourists with the Kotdwar area. Even after the formation of the state of Uttarakhand, only the fascination of the tourist city Lansdowne brings tourists to Kotdwar. About 70 percent of the tourists who reach the area turn to Lansdowne, the remaining 30 percent to visit the Corbett Tiger Reserve.
Kalagarh Tiger Reserve Kotdwara
If you are interested in jungle safari there is Kalagarh Tiger Reserve Kotdwara which is spread over an area of 300 square kilometers, due to the large number of tigers in Kalagarh Tiger Reserve, Royal Bengal Tiger can be easily seen here. Apart from this, wildlife like Goral, Sambar, Kakad, Porcupine, and Padha can also be seen here. If you are lucky, you might even see a herd of elephants passing by.
In addition, it houses over 50 species of mammals, including innumerable plants and insects, 25 species of reptiles such as snakes, crocodiles, pythons, and lizards. Apart from many medicinal plants, this place is also home to many trees like Shisham, Sal, Haldu, Bakli, Semal, Bamboo, Fig, etc. One can enjoy a jungle safari to know about this abundance of the forest. Tourists are shown here by the Uttarakhand Forest Department through safari vehicles.
Garhwal Rifle Regiment (War Memorial) War Memorial
This war memorial, dedicated to the Garhwal Rifle Regiment of the Indian Army, is one of the main attractions of Kotdwar Lansdowne, about 38 less than Kotdwar in high mountain peaks. It was established on November 11, 1923, by Lord Collinson of Trent (at that time the Chief of the Air Staff of India).
It is located at the Parade Ground in Lansdowne and was established to mark the gallant exploits of the Garhwal Regiment. Both the War Memorial and the Parade Ground are closed to the public. On the day when the oath-taking ceremony of the recruits of the new soldiers takes place, this ground presents a very patriotic look.
Kotdwara the Gateway of Garhwal
There is no dearth of tourist places in the vicinity of Kanvashram and Kotdwar, but the governments have never paid any attention to it. That’s why tourists come here on weekends, but only on the pretext of visiting Lansdowne. Tourists in Lansdowne have options like Bhulla Lake, St. Mary’s Church, Tip-in-Top, whereas, tourists avoid going there due to lack of necessary facilities in the tourist places of the Kanvashram area. The development of Kanvashram is one of them. It is an attempt that tourists can also visit the Kotdwar area after leaving Lansdowne.
Also Read: Kotdwar A Gateway Of Garhwal
Jagdev Mandir Kotdwar
Jagdev Temple is situated on the side of the road, 3 km from Kanvashram, towards Kotdwar. Later this road passes near Kotdwar Degree College. This temple is situated on a small mound on the side of the road. On the side of the temple, there is a rainy hill stream, in which there is also a source of water. Cold, sweet water comes out from this source throughout the year, which at one time used to supply water to all the surrounding villages.
It is believed that this temple was established about 60 or 70 years ago from today. This is a very small temple, but how many buildings have been built around it. Many inscriptions found from the surroundings, which may have been part of an ancient building, have been marked in the wall here.
These inscriptions are similar to those found around Kanvashram. It is possible that these inscriptions may have been received from the drain flowing near the temple. There are also sandalwood trees around this temple. Apart from this, there is a famous Shri Sidhbali Temple and Maa Durga Devi Temple around Kanvashram.
Mrig Vihar Kanvashram or Deer Park
In 1958, a Kanvashram deer sanctuary was built by the Forest Department by enclosing an area of 12 hectares with wire fences with the purpose that this place would also be used for keeping injured and orphan animals found from the nearby forest beside a cattle park. Apart from getting a safe home to wild animals, tourists will get a chance to see them. For the drinking water of the animals, a branch was made from the main canal of Bhabar, which has been taken from the middle of the animal’s enclosure.
How to reach Kotdwar Kanvashram?
The nearest city to Kanvashram is Kotdwar, which is in the district- Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand is also called the abode of the gods or the land of gods. There are so many places of worship of gods and goddesses in this region that it is impossible to count them by man. Kotdwar is made up of two words, Kot means fort and Dwar means door. This name probably indicates that Kotdwar is the entryway inside a fort as there were many forts in Garhwal. Kanvashram is situated at a distance of 11 km from Kotdwar. The city of Kotdwar, located north-north-west from the capital of the country, is connected to the country by road, rail, and air service.
By Rail – Established in 1889-90, it is one of the oldest railway stations in Uttarakhand. Trains run daily from Kotdwar to Delhi and from Delhi to Kotdwar. Sidhbali jan shatabdi express, Garhwal Express, and Mansoori Express, which connect to Najibabad Junction.
By Road – The distance from Delhi to Kotdwar is about 220 kms. Route- Delhi-Meerut-Mawana-Mirapur-Bijnor-Najibabad-Kotdwar. Kotdwar is one of the busiest roads in the Garhwal region. If you will enter the hilly areas of Garhwal, then you have to pass through Kotdwar. If you want to go to Kanvashram from Kotdwar, then you have to go west of Kotdwar, a distance of 11 km.
By Air – The nearest airport from Kotdwar is Jolly Grant, Dehradun, which is at a distance of about 115 km. This airport is at a distance of about 25 km from Dehradun. Regular government and non-government buses ply from Dehradun to Kotdwar, apart from this you can also book taxis.